Project on Charles Darwin

In class the teacher gave us the task of reading some PDF, that would have some questions and we would hve to answer them. I worked with Marina Castagnino:

Project on Charles Darwin

The Beagle Voyage


Botofugo Bay: English



  1. Read through the letter and diary extracts and answer the letter questions.
  2. Write a poem or create a word cloud in the shape of a map of South America using Darwin’s words to describe the landscape that he sees.

Think about:

– What is the landscape like?

– What is the weather like?

– What does it feel like to be there?




I might be on land, or at sea,

but as I turn my head, that’s all I see.

Full of insects, all shapes and aspects.

And all the animals, with their characteristics,

they even look artistic.

No matter the size shape or age,

they are all over the same place.

But no matter where I stay,

my mind is blown away,

because of all of these similarities,

I might think that they come from the same parents,

but that’s not how it goes,

it’s just evolution doing it’s job.


Letter question: Unimagined sights and pleasures

Using letter 168: Charles Darwin to William Darwin Fox and the diary entries: 16 January 1832, 29 February and 1 March 1832, answer the following questions:


  1. According to the letter and diary entries, list the different things that Darwin has been collecting.
  2. In the letter and diary entries Darwin describes two different things that have impressed him most, what are they and what does he like about them?
  3. In the letter and diary entries Darwin mentions Claude and Humboldt, who is he referring to and why?
  4. In the letter, how does he try to make his friend Fox envious of him?



1.Throughout the Beagle Voyage, Darwin had collected and studies Insects, Birds, and Tortoises, and how amongst them they have similar features, appearances, and ways of feeding, moving, hunting, communicating, and many other factors.

2.The two things that have impressed Darwin the most are the vivid Flora&Fauna, and how there are different types of animals in different islands, such as tortoises, that share the same, or similar characteristics amongst themselves.

3.(Claude was not mentioned) Humboldt is a cold ocean current of the South pacific, flowing North along the coasts of Chile and Peru.

4.In the letter, Darwin keeps mentioning all the magnificent sights and all the amazing animals that are in America, all of them, which his friend Fox is missing out on. So, by mentioning all the amazing things in America, Darwin makes Fox envious, making him wish he was there with him. “This is a proper piece of Bravado, for I would walk through many a mile of sleet, snow or rain to shake you by the hand, My dear old Fox.” Darwin finishes his first letter towards Fox saying he would do anything to see him again, or just shake his hand. Darwin, by mentioning what he would do to just shake his hand, is saying that he deeply misses him, and wishes to see him again.


Galapagos Islands: Science/Geography



  1. Read through the letter and diary extracts and answer the questions.
  2. Imagine you are trying to recruit volunteers for a modern natural history scientific expedition to the Galapagos Islands to study giant tortoises. The study must have minimal impact on the environment. As part of the recruitment package you need to show:

– How you will travel to and between the islands

– Length of the overall expedition and how volunteers will spend their time

– What equipment will be provided

– What accommodation will be provided

– How the research will be carried out

– What kind of data/ specimens you will send home

  1. Design a brochure for your package and promote your expedition to your class.
  2. Create a diary entry for a modern day expedition to an island, describing your day and what you might encounter.






A once in a lifetime trip to the Galápagos Islands is easier than you think!

When you think about the Galápagos Islands, giant tortoises and Darwin come to your mind. We invite you to join us for a scientific expedition in this amazing archipiélago. Join a group of travelers and experience the flora and fauna of this incredible place aboard the Oasis of the Seas.

Begin the Journey in Quito, Ecuador´s capital city. Then fly to the Galápagos Islands. Our boat, the Oasis of the Seas, will transport you from island to island. Our aim in this trip is to identify how many tortoises are left of the Chelonoidis Nigra, a new species recently discovered in the Bartolomé and Isabella islands.  As the study must have minimal impact on the environment, travelers will not be allowed to collect materials from the islands. Instead, they will have to photograph as many turtles as they can. This information will be of utter importance and will be delivered to the Quito Science Museum for further analysis by experts.



  • Dates: December 4-7, 2017
  • Cost: $5,000 per person all included
  • Material provided: waterproof digital camera/film with battery, waterproof flashlight, ground cloth.
  • Accomodation: travelers will stay at the Oasis of the Seas.
  • Space limited to only 30 participants
  • Contact our team for details atl 1-800- 222 9999

About the Study Leader

Cecilia Adem, Professor of Biology, Las Cumbres School, will serve as study leader for this program. Professor Adem is a specialist in evolutionary biology. Her research focuses on Galápagos tortoises. Her more recent book, An expedition to the Galápagos, was released in fall 2016.

Diary Entry:


Dear diary,

Last week I went with tourism group to an island in Galápagos archipiélago. Among other activities, we visited the Charles Darwin Research Station to see the famous giant tortoises.

We have also done wonderful activities, such as animal encounters. Life varies from island to island, other than tortoises we were able to see: sea lions, seals, iguanas and penguins. Bird Watching was amazing! There were so many beautiful and exotic species.

The sea was also incredible. We swam and snorkelled in the pacific ocean. The tour guide took us on a boat to the middle of the sea, from there we dived into the sea. My group and I were lucky to see lots of different marine species. Each of my companions, and me too, brought a waterproof camera so we could take pics of the tortoises underwater. In my opinion that was the best of the activities!

On the other hand we made lots of great activities on land too! For example hiking. What do you think about walking over lava beds? Well, that’s where the tour guides took us! I was shocked by the fact that we were walking in real lava. I’ve never done such a thing like that!


Letter questions: Plan an expedition


Using letter 295 and diary entries from 25 September and 1 and 9 October 1835, answer the following questions.


  1. From the letter to Henslow, what topic did Darwin find very instructive on the Galapagos Islands?
  2. In the diary extracts Darwin discusses a key aspect of survival on any expedition to a remote place. What is it and what makes his accounts of the encounters with animals different from how we would expect a scientific expedition to be reported today?




1.In Darwin’s opinion, the topic he found more instructive and amusing in the Galapagos islands was the Geology (how earth is composed).

  1. In the diary extracts Darwin discusses a key aspect of survival on any expedition to a remote place,We think that he says that is fundamental to always carry water wherever you go. This idea came to his mind when he saw all those tortoise drinking large amounts of water. In our opinion what makes his account of encounters with animal different from how we would expect a scientific expedition to be reported today, is that he writes everything he sees ( such as the tortoise and the lizards), and tries to enters in the role of each inhabitant of the different islands. What I read is that one day he might eat with the “gauchos”, what they eat most of the time. Or he could spend an entire day with the inhabitants trying to learn their cultures.
Publicado en agenda 2017, biology | Etiquetado , , , , , , , , | Deja un comentario


Here you can find the answers of the questions on pages 40 & 41 of the booklet. I worked with Olivia and Valentina.

Secondly, in Literature class, we completed a chart showing 2 quotations each of the 3 characters said, their explanation and effect. I worked with Valentina.

Publicado en agenda 2017, literature | Etiquetado , , , , , , , | Deja un comentario

Causes for the Boom

Publicado en agenda 2017, history | Etiquetado , , , , | Deja un comentario

Trying to frind Carbon Dioxide

Sigue leyendo

Publicado en agenda 2017, biology | Etiquetado , , , | Deja un comentario

Variation. Chapter 19. Pair Work.

October 24th

Variation. Chapter 19. Pari Work.

I Worked With Marina Castagnino.

Question 19.1

-Decide whether each of these features shows continuous variation or discontinuous variation.

a) Blood groups in humans – Discontinuous

b) Foot size in humans – Continuous

c) Leaf lengths in a species of tree – Discontinuous

d) Presence of horns in cattle – Continuous

Question 19.3

-The photograph shows a small mammal called a tarsier. Tarsiers feed on insects, which they hunt at night.

-How is the tarsier adapted for survival in it’s environment?

They have big eyes with thermal vision which helps them see small insects at night.

They have good ears, so the can hear to the small insects creeping around them.

They can easily camouflage to stay safe from predators.

Their hands help them gram onto trees better than other animals, so they can stay on the near from predators hat hunt on the ground, and so the can catch insects that live on the trees.

Publicado en agenda 2017, biology | Deja un comentario

Biology- Summaries

Here, I wrote summaries for three videos we watched in class about Evolution and some of it’s aspects, such as Natural Selection.

Here is what I wrote:


Evolution is any change in the inheritable traits across generations, and it has been happening since the first living organism reproduced itself. DNA has a certain number of chromosomes that contain your certain characteristics. Some of this characteristics, are inherited from the parents, but, some others change, and this changes are what make everyone different, and everyones DNA different. This slight changes on your DNA, are small contributions to Evolution, which with time, will have a bigger impact on humanity.

Natural Selection:

Some random genetic mutation, change some animals qualities. This new qualities, might help said animal adapt better to their habitat. So, only animals that have adapted to their atmosphere in a way that might help them survive will be able to do so in nature. This animals will reproduce, expanding their now improve species, whereas animals who don’t possess this new abilities, will not be able to reproduce. This means that if only animals with those characteristics are reproducing, only animals with those characteristics will be born.

Evidence of evolution:

As an example that humanity has devolved, from what millions of years ago were just animals, we can see some similar characteristics in ourselves that other completely different animals share.

For example, the human and dolphin share a quiet similar Embryo, but Bothe species are completely different.

Or, the fact that humans and dogs, share a very similar bone structure, with different bone lengths.


Publicado en agenda 2017, biology | Etiquetado , , , | Deja un comentario

Evolution Summary

Evolution: Any change in a heribitable trait.

Evolution is any change in the inheritable traits across generations, and it has been happening since the first living organism reproduced itself.

When living organisms reproduce themselves, they often look and behave differently from their parents, their differences are modifications caused by random genetic mutations.

Publicado en agenda 2017, biology | Etiquetado , , | Deja un comentario

KKK Newspaper Article

Marina, Gonzalo and I had to work on the assigment: “Write a newspaper article denouncing the attitudes of the KKK. Look for specific examples of KKK abuse to support your argument against this type of discrimination.”

Group work: (Marina – Nina – Gonzalo)

Here is our Newspaper Article:

Time advances, but mankind does not.

The defect of the nation- Ku Klux Klan

Mankind has sent men to the moon, we have cured deadly diseases, made it accessible to get to pretty much any place in the world in a matter of hours, yet still, there is a portion of the population that hates another.

Who are these hateful people?

The Ku Klux Klan is the name of three movements in the USA, who took extremist, right wing stances such as white supremacy. They are a racist, discriminatory group, whose motives are purely hateful, as they pride themselves on the annihilation of people with different ethnicity or race. Historically, they have used terrorism to intimidate their opposers. The various movements have all called for the ‘purification’ of the United States. This refers to the purging of minorities who the group dislikes. Members of the KKK may vary from the average civilian, to people in places of political power. For example: Senator Robert Byrd, Supreme Court Justice Hugo Black. This just goes to show how little we have actually advanced as a society, to have people that discriminate the color of one’s skin, in places where their voice is actually heard and respected by many people. Absolutely unacceptable.

What do/did they do?

This despicable alt-right group has been and still are associated with the discrimination of minorities, such as African-Americans, LGBT community, etc. But that is not the worst of it with the KKK, as they take their ideas into action. In the 19th and early 20th century, the KKK would exercise mass killings, lynchings, and all kinds of disgusting crimes you could imagine. And since there were many KKK members in the government, as well as not many rights to protect the minorities, the group could practically roam free without consequence. They would also organize cross burnings and mass parades to intimidate those who they disliked. They performed public acts of violence, such as burning houses, attacking and killing black people and even leaving their bodies on the roads, to send a message.

Why they need to be stopped

Many people argue that it’s their right to freedom of speech, and that as long as they’re not hurting anyone, then there’s no issue. But the problem is that the movement they believe in, involved killing non-white, non-Christian people. So why should they have a right to say and do such things if their intention is to bring harm to others?

Public violence is obviously illegal, that too with violent acts.

The group, KKK has been publicly active since XIX, showing signs of public hatred, violence, and also to this day, murder in both private and public places.

Racism, white supremacy, violence, and hatred are not protected under the first amendment, so these people, the white-supremacists, the Ku Klux Klan, don’t have the rights to publicly protest the way they do.

On August of this year, 2017, a white-nationalist rally in Charlottesville, Virginia turned violent on Saturday the 12th, leaving one counter-protester dead, dozens injured, and 23 people arrested. Ever since the day of that accident, civilians against the white-nationalist group raised questions about how authorities should balance the right to free speech and public safety.

Over the last 150 years, the Ku Klux Klan has been reported to have committed acts of racism, homophobia, kidnap, torture, murder, and extremacy.

So, if there is a group, such as the one mentioned, causing wreak havoc on public places, since XIX, should they really be allowed to keep on doing what they have been doing? Should they really be allowed to walk on the streets, wearing that white hat and robe? posing a danger to every civilian who is not perfect in their eyes?

There is something that can be done, so why don’t they do it?

“I have a dream that my four children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin, but by the content of their character” -Martin Luther King, Jr. In this quote, Martin Luther King Jr., someone who fought the KKK white supremacy movement, talks about how he believes one should not be judged by something they cannot control, such as skin color, whereas they should be judged, by something they can control, such as their character. This goes against what the KKK say, as they discriminate by the color of one’s skin, not by one’s character.

Publicado en agenda 2017, history | Etiquetado , , , , | Deja un comentario

How I Came Into This World. With Lucy

Responsive in-built slideshare iframe in wordpress needed – HTML …




  1. How old was your mother when she was pregnant?
  2. When your mother realised she was pregnant, did she go to a doctor?
  3. What kind of analysis did the doctor do?
  4. Did your mother have some problems (Felt sick and vomited? felt tired) during her pregnancy?
  5. Did she keep a special diet during her pregnancy?
  6. Did she take some special precautions during pregnancy (Sleep more than usual)?
  7. Did your parents know your sex before your birth?
  8. What actions did you do inside the uterus? (Kick your mother’s belly, move a lot, sleep…)
  9. For how long was the pregnancy? Were you premature>
  10. Were you born in a Hospital or at home?
  11. Was it a natural labor or cesarean birth?
  12. At what time was your birth?
  13. For how long was your birth?
  14. Did you have any special medical care after being born?
  15. Did you have breast milk or from a baby bottle?
  16. Other special memories from your childhood?




-My mum was 30 years old when she was pregnant with me.

-When my mum realized she was pregnant, she went to a doctor.

– To make sure my mum was pregnant, she had a urine test, Blood test and an Ultrasound.

-During her pregnancy, my mum was completely fine.

-While pregnant, my mum kept a normal diet.

-She was lazier than usual, but she was careful on avoiding alcohol, because she had lost a baby before.

-Before I was born, my parents knew i was a girl.

-While my mother was pregnant, I basically danced salsa and played football while boxing, meaning, i moved a lot.

-The pregnancy lasted 36 weeks.

-I was born two weeks premature.

-I was born in a hospital.

-I was birthed naturally.

-I was born at 20:21:07 P.M. the 31st of May

-The labour lasted 47 minutes.

-No, I was treated naturally even though I was two weeks premature,and they found out I was allergic to Penicillin

-I was breastfed.

-I was very loud, always happy and energetic, always singing and dancing, questioning every form of authority, intelligent, and people called me tsunami, empress, and Hollywood.




  • My mom was 31 years old when pregnant.
  • Yes, she did.
  • Blood test.
  • She had nausea, had cravings, felt uncomfortable most of the time. The usual.
  • She had a healthy diet.
  • I don’t think so.
  • Yeah, they knew I’d be a girl.
  • I kicked her belly a lot.
  • 37 weeks. Yeah, I was supposed to be born the 25th of May, but in the end I was born the 4th of May.
  • I was born in the Hospital.
  • It was natural labor.
  • 3 hours.
  • I was born at 4pm.
  • I didn’t have any special medical care.
  • I had breast milk.
  • Other memories: Once I cut part of my tongue accidentally. Another time I stole an old lady’s purse on a plane. I, almost, never fought with my brother. My mom says I was very lovely but I think I was pretty annoying.
Publicado en agenda 2017, biology | Etiquetado , , , | 1 comentario

A View from the Bridge: a play

Drama is a unique literary form because they are designed to be acted out on a stage before an audience. The word ‘drama’ comes from the Greek word ‘dran’ meaning to act or to do. As “literature in action,” drama brings a story to life before our eyes. Unlike most works of fiction that rely heavily on narration, the story of a play or drama is told through dialogue and action and is integrated with the setting that the audience observes-largely from scenery and props. Knowing about these elements can help you appreciate and discuss plays that you see and read.


5 Differences between Plays/Dramas and Poems/Stories;
Publicado en agenda 2017, literature | Deja un comentario

League of Nations 1920’s

     1)What were the aims of the League of Nations?

  • Global Aims:Preserve Worlds Peace, Prevent future conflict that might be as devastating as The Great War.
  • Specific Aims: To disarm the world, Enforce the conditions of the Treaty of Versailles, concentrate in the improvement of health, safety, and abolish slavery. Improve living and working conditions. To encourage countries to cooperate in business and trade. And to discourage aggression.    

    2) What happened to Wilson when he returned to the USA after signing the treaty of versailles.

  • When American president Woodrow Wilson returned to the US, Congress refused to ratify the involvement of the United States of America in the League of Nations, saying that they should not give such individual power to be part of The League. He also lost the presidential election, so USA was never part of the league.

    3) Why did German immigrants in the USA did not want to join the league?

  • German immigrants in the USA thought that joining the League of Nations ment sending US soldiers to help with every world problem. So they didn’t want to sacrifice themselves.

    4) What economic reason did the US give to stay out of the war?

  • Americans thought that if the league imposed sanctions, such as stopping trade with a country that was behaving aggressively, it would endanger American trade with other countries. Also, the sanctions would worsen the already-in-terrible-state economic situation in America, because of the Great Depression.

    5) How did Americans feel about Imperialism in Europe?

  • Americans hated and feared imperialism, thinking it would lead them to have to take part in another war to defend empires, such as Great Britain, or France, out of obligation.

    6) Why did Poland invade Vilna? Why did the league not act about it?

  • Poland invaded Lithuania’s capital, because the most part of the population of Vilna was of Poland. The League was not prepared to deal with this kind of confrontation, which resolved in them not acting upon their own command.

    7) Why was Upper Silesia an important region for Poland and Germany?

  • Upper Silesia was annexed by the Kingdom of Prussia, and in 1871 it became part of the German Empire. After the Second World War it became part of the Republic of Poland
  • 8) How did the league solve the conflict in Vilna?
  • After the Polish victory in the Polish-Lithuanian war, diplomatic relations between Poland and Lithuania were forbidden until the ultimatum of 1938.
  • 9) What did the League decide to do about Aaland Islands?
  • The Aaland Islands demanded self-determination, but it was not granted to them, instead international guarantees were given to allow the population to pursue its own culture. The Aaland Islands were hibernated by Finland .
  • 10) Why did Mussolini invade Greece in the Corfu Conflict?
  • Mussolini temporarily invaded Greece because Italians forming part of an international boundary delegation were murdered on Greek soil.
  • 11) Why was the league criticised about the resolution of the Corfu Conflict?
  • Because shortly after the League of Nations was notified of this incident, Italians were ordered to evacuate but Greece was forced to pay Italy an indemnity. And, this shows that The League thought that non important countries in the league, or outside, where immaterial under the given circumstances, such, and in this case, invasion.
  • 12) How did The Geneva Protocol weaken the league?
  • The Geneva Protocol weakened the league because if one of the league members didn’t accept the protocol, like Great Britain, it meant that the league couldn’t trust their own members, so they could not control them.
  • 13) Why did Greece invaded Bulgaria in 1925?
  • Greece invaded Bulgaria because Greek soldiers were killed in the
  • Bulgarian/ Greek border.
  • 14) Why did Greece complain that the league “seemed to have one rule for the large states (such as Italy) and another for the smaller ones (such as themselves).”
  • Some countries “seemed to have one rule for the larger states (such as Italy) and another for the smaller states (such as Greece) because of the influence and importance they had on the League. Such as Mussolini in Corfu and Greece in Bulgaria.

Aaland Islands

-Both Finland and Sweden wanted the islands.
Since both Finland and Sweden were peaceful countries, they decided to ask the League for help.
And the League decided to measure the distance between the islands and the countries.
In the end, Finland ended with ‘custody’ of the islands.

-It was a border dispute between Greece and Albania.
Mussolini, Italy’s leader, sent Tellini and his team to discuss the border dispute.
But as the team arrived, they were killed, and the murderers never found.
After the murder, Mussolini invaded and bombarded Greece.
The Greek people complained to the League, who forced the Italians so leave Greece, and made Greece pay a compensation that the League itself would keep until the killers were found.
But, Mussolini convinced the League to give him the money and the murderers were never found.


Upper Silesia
-Between Germany and Poland
Again, the Treaty of Versailles did not thing of the border disputes and how they separated inhabitants from their original lands.
And this time, the Germans ended being in Polish areas.
So, to try and ‘fix’ this, the League offered a plebiscite to the Polish/ German area.
And as result from the plebiscite, the urban area voted to be part of Germany, and the Rural area form Poland.

Vilna: capital of Lithuania
-This was a Border Dispute.
After World War I ended, when the territories were drawn, the Big Three didn’t think of the fact that many people where going to be separated from their countries because of the new borders. So, the Polish people attack Vilna, Lithuania’s capital, because most of the population was Polish and they wanted their people and territory back.
And the problem with this, was that the League of Nations wasn’t prepared to deal with this kind of feud, so they weren’t able to do anything.

Bulgaria, 1925

-Greek soldiers were killed in the Bulgarian/ Greek border, so Greece invaded Bulgaria. As a result, Bulgaria appealed to the league, who made Greece pay compensation and pull out from Bulgaria.

Publicado en agenda 2017, history | Deja un comentario

Practical Work. Reproduction in Petri Dishes


Describe what we did last class (Wednesday) and the results seen today.

You may add drawings or photos to be clearer.


Last class, we made jelly and put it in a petri dish. Later, we coughed on it and decided to wait a week to see the effects the bacteria would have on the jelly.

Seven days have gone by, and now, the content in our petry dish is liquid and it looks milky-like.

So, if you cough on a petri dish with jelly on it, it will become a liquid like substance.

Publicado en agenda 2017, biology | Deja un comentario